A wave of experimentation in communal living crested in New England in the late 1960s and early 1970s, with dozens of communities spread across the landscape of western Massachusetts and Vermont.  Many of these communes are well documented in SCUA's collections:

Free Spirit Press bus parked by ocean, December 27, 1972 Brotherhood of the Spirit

Beginning in a treehouse in Leyden, Mass., during the summer of 1968, the Brotherhood of the Spirit (later the Renaissance Community) grew to become the largest commune in the eastern United States. Founded by Michael Metelica and six friends, and infused with the spiritual teachings of Elwood Babbitt, the commune relocated several times during its first half decade, setting down at different points in Heath, Charlemont, Warwick, Turners Falls, and Gill, Mass., as well as Guilford, Vt.Spirit in Flesh mini-poster, 1972

Image result for free icons movie Brotherhood of the Spirit Commune Documentary (1973)


Free Spirit Press, the commune's publishing operation.

Spirit in the Flesh, the commune's rock band.

Additional photographs of the Brotherhood commune.

See also, in SCUA, the Beth Hapgood Papers.

Cathy Rogers running barefoot past the barn, Montague Farm Commune, ca. 1974Montague Farm Commune


Visit SCUA on the 25th floor of the Du Bois Library to view any number of other collections tagged with the subject "intentional communities."